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Some people are quite sure how they want to live their lives in the long run. Perhaps they will continue to work as long as they can. Maybe there will finally be time for an all-consuming hobby. Or maybe part-time work, trout fishing, family and friends together make for a beautiful life combination.
But for many, retirement becomes an unforeseen challenge, and they find it difficult to find meaning in life. In the worst case, the joy of freedom is replaced after a year by the onset of loneliness, meaninglessness and depression.
There is much evidence that a gradual transition from full-time work to retirement life is a good model. Changing work tasks, flexible or reduced working hours can be a start. Perhaps followed by a phase of part-time work and then later full retirement. Much research indicates that such a gradual and planned transition provides the greatest satisfaction with life.
For many people, their life structure has always been shaped by work and their habits for when they get up in the morning, spend the weekend and go on holiday.
But work is also where you meet people and create lots of relationships. Despite good intentions, these will unfortunately often disappear when you stop working. And meaningful relationships are one of the most important factors for a good and long life. But they don't come by themselves. That is why IDA has created a new tool to create clarity about one's relationships and what status they have.
Where working life can be seen as a tree with a trunk that gives direction, retired life often looks more like a bush with many smaller branches that bristle in many directions.
The mere thought of retirement can be anxiety-provoking for many. It brings to mind images of worn-out parents or grandparents who were languishing and perhaps suffering from ill health. But in today's work culture, retirement looks brighter for the vast majority, and includes time and the opportunity to cultivate interests and new networks.
So what can you do? Aske Juul Lassen, who has researched aging at the University of Copenhagen for many years, has the following advice for getting through the loss of meaning that retirement can also bring:
Think well in advance of your transition to retirement: about what you want to use your new freedom for. It is a good idea to make a plan: what do you want to achieve, when will it happen, what is the success criterion? In other words, consider the same things you have probably gone over many times in your career so far.
Most people in their late career have noticed that both body and mind change. You no longer have quite the same strength and energy levels, and it takes a little longer to recover. Researchers from the Center for Healthy Aging at the University of Copenhagen give good advice on how to have a good, long life and a healthy ageing.
When should I retire?
Don't let your prejudices rule you - Ældresagen has a number of really good pages about life as a senior and preparation for retirement.
Age alone should not be a reason for retirement. It is important, it is you who decides when you want to retire and what the time will be spent on.
Note: Ældresagen's content is in Danish, but you can use automatic translation for an English version.
7 important things before you retire
The experienced ones - a large project run by researcher Aske Juul Lassen from the University of Copenhagen, who has investigated what is needed to create better opportunities for senior employees. The website "The experienced" contains, among other things, a number of good tools for both the individual, the managers, the HR department etc.
The 3rd act is the life phase that comes when you start to be called senior and approach retirement. Researcher Aske Juul Lassen from the University of Copenhagen is behind the project, which consists of a book and a podcast series about Pension's 10 commandments: