There are three types of competencies which play a role in job searching and salary negotiation: Personal, social and professional competencies.
The professional competencies are most important when writing applications and setting up your CV and of most interest to employers in general as these are what they are looking for.
Professional competencies covers the specialist knowledge you have from your studies and job in a STEM industry.
Professional competences can, for example, cover your abilities within:
Your personal competencies may seem more abstract because they are less learned and more characteristics that you are not proven to possess.
However, your personal characteristics are important to the employer because they have an impact on how you handle your work tasks. Personal competences can, for example, cover:
Your social skills are important because you have to be part of a workplace and be able to cooperate with your colleagues.
In a study by the recruitment agency Ballisager, 80 percent of the companies surveyed answered that they look at which candidate will fit in best in the workplace when they have to choose between two final candidates. Only 20 percent look at who is the strongest professionally.
The social skills cover:
When you form an overview of your competencies, you must prioritize them according to what you think is the most fun and exciting to work with.
There is not always a match between the tasks you are good at and those you enjoy. If you only apply for jobs for which you are highly qualified, you may feel that you have painted yourself into a corner and cannot move forward.
Therefore, you must be brave and take on jobs that require skills that you are not yet strong in, if you feel that it will give you greater job satisfaction and well-being.
As an IDA member, you have access to a number of services and tools that you can use to clarify your competences:
Download the competency profile here: