An occupational injury (arbejdsskade) is a collective term for occupational accidents and occupational diseases.
An occupational accident is a physical or psychological injury - which can be permanent or temporary - that occurs after an incident or impact in connection with your work. Examples of occupational accidents:
An occupational disease is an illness or disorder that is caused by the work or the conditions under which the work took place over a longer period. Examples of occupational diseases:
Yes, a psychological injury can be recognized as an occupational injury.
A psychological injury can have a physical cause such as violence or accidents. It can also have a psychological cause, for example wrongful accusations, harassment or bullying.
It is crucial that the psychological symptoms require treatment if they are to be recognized as an occupational injury.
It is important that your illness or injury is reported correctly, so that you can receive compensation for treatment costs, permanent disability and lost ability to work.
Work-related injuries must always be reported, even if you do not expect them to cause lasting harm. If a less serious injury later turns out to be more serious than first thought, it is crucial that you have reported it in the first place.
If an accident happens at work, it is your employer's duty to report the case, regardless of whether you are able to work following the incident or not. Your employer's insurance must assess whether they can process the damage case themselves, or whether it must be sent to Arbejdsmarkedets Erhvervssikring (AES).
If your occupational injury is the result of an occupational accident, it is your employer's insurance company that pays the compensation to your NemKonto. If you have had an accident at work while employed by the state, Arbejdsmarkedets Erhvervssikring (AES) pays your compensation.
If your manager does not want to report the injury, you can report it yourself to Arbejdsmarkedets Erhvervssikring via virk.dk.
In the case of occupational diseases, your doctor or dentist must report the case. Therefore, you must make an appointment with your doctor if you experience signs of illness as a consequence of your work.
In the unlikely event that your doctor does not want to report the illness, you can do so yourself directly at AES.
If your work injury is an occupational disease, Arbejdsmarkedets Erhvervssikring (AES) will pay out your compensation.
You can get compensation if Arbejdsmarkedets Erhvervssikring (AES) assesses that you are entitled to it.
You must be able to document or prove that there is a causal link between your working conditions and the injury or illness before you can be awarded compensation.
If an accident or occupational disease is to be recognised, there are several conditions that must be met. The two main ones are:
There is no general rule of thumb for how long it takes from the time you have applied for compensation for a work injury until your compensation is paid out.
But before you can get your compensation, the damage must be stable. This means that it no longer develops and that you have been treated in the healthcare system.
In many cases, this can take a long time, and in the meantime the decision on compensation is postponed.
If your compensation case has been rejected, you can file a complaint about the decision. This must be done no later than four weeks after you have received the decision. The complaint must be sent to Arbejdsmarkedets Erhvervssikring (AES) on their digital complaint form. The complaint is then sent to the Danish Appeals Board, which will process your complaint.